Photovoltaic subsidies - your guide through the subsidy jungle in Germany

February 22, 2024

Photovoltaics (PV) is a future-proof and environmentally friendly technology for generating electricity from sunlight. In a country like Germany, which has set itself ambitious targets for the expansion of renewable energies, the promotion of photovoltaic systems is of particular importance. In this article, you will learn everything you need to know about photovoltaic subsidies in Germany for 2023 and beyond.

Why is photovoltaic funding so important?

Photovoltaics is one of the most important components of the energy transition. In order to accelerate the switch to renewable energies and make it easier for homeowners and companies to get started, the state offers a variety of subsidy programs. These are intended to reduce the financial outlay for the installation of PV systems and thus increase the willingness to invest.

What subsidies are available for photovoltaic systems?

The funding landscape in Germany is diverse and ranges from direct subsidies and tax relief to favorable loans. The most important subsidy programs and contact points are

1. KfW funding programs: The Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) offers various programs such as the KfW Förderkredit 270 for the purchase and installation of solar systems.

2 Federal feed-in tariff: System operators receive remuneration for electricity that is fed into the public grid. This amount is set by law and is billed via the energy suppliers.

3 Federal subsidy for efficient buildings (BEG): This subsidy can be claimed for energy refurbishment measures or for the construction of energy-efficient houses if a photovoltaic system is also installed in the process.

4 Regional funding programs: Many federal states and local authorities offer their own subsidies for photovoltaic systems. These are sometimes very lucrative and should definitely be checked.

5 Tax benefits: Due to the Annual Tax Act 2022, many photovoltaic systems are exempt from VAT. There are also opportunities to optimize income tax.

6 Electricity storage support programs: As electricity storage systems are an important addition to photovoltaic systems, they are also supported by various programs.

7 Direct marketing: By directly marketing the electricity they produce themselves, system operators can often achieve higher remuneration than through the feed-in tariff.

Important tips for the application

When applying for subsidies, there are a few important points to bear in mind:

- Apply before construction begins: As a rule, subsidies must be applied for before the start of the project. This applies in particular to KfW loans.

- Combination of subsidies: Some subsidy programs can be combined, others are mutually exclusive. A detailed examination and consultation is advisable here.

- Observe deadlines: Funding programs often have application deadlines or budget limits. Find out about the conditions in good time.

- Careful planning: Good planning of the PV system is essential to make the most of the subsidy. Seek professional support if necessary.

- Documentation: Keep all documents, evidence and invoices carefully to hand, as these are required for the application and billing.